Eleanor Marx - A Brief Biography of Her Father

In this brief sketch of her father, Karl Marx, Eleanor provides one of her first accounts of her father’s life. Eleanor went on to become influential in the international socialist movement, and wrote extensively on class struggle and socialist feminism. Eleanor worked closely with her father throughout her life, becoming deeply familiar with his theories and in many cases contributing to the research, formulation, and (later) advancement of his work.

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Kelly Wilkins
Leon Trotsky - In Defense of Marxism

We are publishing the first letter in a compilation of Trotsky’s writings on the class nature of the Soviet Union, which was Trotsky’s “last fight” over questions of political theory and Marxist methodology collected under the title of In Defense of Marxism. Trotsky wrote these letters to members of the US Socialist Workers Party, one of the largest party’s in the Fourth International, a movement that stood behind Trotsky’s call for a new communist international to replace to Stalinist Communist International.

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Kelly Wilkins
Rosa Luxemburg - Introduction to Reform or Revolution

Rosa Luxemburg was one of the most active advocates against WWI, urging leaders of the Social Democratic Second International to vote against a war that would put ordinary working people on the front lines. In this selection, we share the introduction to one of her most well-known works, Reform or Revolution. Spoiler alert, she chooses revolution.

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Kelly Wilkins
Frederick Engels - The Principles of Communism

Frederick Engels wrote the Principles of Communism in 1847 in preparation for a meeting of the Communist League. These are the first sketches of what would later be reworked, along with the help of his friend Karl Marx, into the Communist Manifesto. We are sharing these due to not only their historical significance, but also their direct and practical style in dealing with some of the early questions around how communism is to be defined.

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Kelly Wilkins